Web addresses can be blocked soon

Web addresses can be blocked soon

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Freedom of speech defenders have long warned that relying on a bureaucratic organization to manage domain names is dangerous The idea that block technology can be used to manage Internet addresses likes enthusiasts.

A web based based block management system can make the global network much more independent and more sustainable. This, of course, brings new challenges to managing the web. However, effort is worth the effort and it is good to know what would happen if the Internet address was “plugged into” the system that is the basis of the most popular crypto-lapture.

When you enter the site name in the browser next time, consider what will happen after you click “enter”. The browser sends the name – technews.bg – to the network of computers called the domain name system, in short DNS. This system is the “phone book” of the internet. Converts web addresses to IP addresses – something like 12.34.56.789.

These digits allow the browser to find the right server on the Internet and connect with it. We use DNS because it is difficult for everyone to remember such long numerical combinations. Usually we do not care what DNS is doing when we read it over the Internet. But we believe in the system – we trust organizations that have been assigned to support DNS.

For some people, such as Stephen McKee, a developer and open source developer called Handshake Network, this centralized power over Internet addressing makes the Internet vulnerable: and censorship and cyber attacks can easily bring it down. Handling (in translation – handling) wants to decentralize it. How?

Creating an alternative address management system that is not centrally controlled. This can help protect us from hackers trying to exploit DNS security vulnerabilities and governments that try to block free expression. The system would be based on blocking technology, which means that it will be software running on a broader computer network.

In theory, in this scenario there can be no point of control or weakness. The system will not depend on any human organization that can be corrupt or enforced. Handshake software is a highly modified version of BattleKnight, just as the “knocker” network at BattleKnight almost prevents the authorities from closing it.

Something very important in this case is the fact that Handshake does not try to replace DNS, but work with it. “The goal is to create an alternative, viable network that people trust,” McKie says. Triangle Zooo What’s important for an Internet name? In the real world, many things or people can have the same name. But that can not be the case with computer hardware.

The principle called Zooo Triangle, named after the famous cryptographer named Zooo Wilcox-O & Hern, suggests that the perfect name has three important properties.

First, the name must be safe. When entering a site name, you must be able to ensure that the response does not originate from the cheat.

Secondly, the perfect name should make sense for both people and computers.

Third, no central government should be able to censor or block it. The third principle, however, is the current way of using the Internet, says Joseph Bonnie, a Computing Professor at the University of New York.

The organization that runs DNS is a non-profit organization based in Los Angeles, called ICANN, an Internet Corporation for Names and Numbers. It is highly centralized and responsible for monitoring the so-called “root” DNS, the highest level of the hierarchical global DNS server network. ICANN is also responsible for distributing “top-level domain names”, including .com, .org, .net, and most countries of the two countries.

Freedom of speech defenders have long warned that relying on one bureaucratic organization to control DNS’s “root”, even domain name management is dangerous. One day, ICANN may decide, perhaps under pressure, to censor the Internet by removing some DNS names or by banning the use of certain names.

First attempts The idea that the block technology can be used to maintain the triangle of the Zoological Garden from the beginning has enjoyed enthusiasts. The Namecoin project was launched in April 2011 and is still operational today.

Like Handling, Namecoin allows people to buy their own domain names and capture them in the block. But the system has not yet accelerated and is used by a small number of enthusiasts.

In 2015, Bonnie and several colleagues looked at Namecoin and found that it was not good: out of 120,000 registered names, only 28 had used them. Handling benefits the many tools and technologies that were unavailable or impractical for Namecoin.

For example, Namecoin distributes the names of the “first requested, served first” principles. This has sparked the vicious practice of buying dozens of names that one day could ask and want to return. Handling, however, uses bid auctions to win the highest bid, but the price of the second highest bid is paid.

This, at least in theory, should give incentives to bidders to bid as much as their name actually costs. Handling software is also more effective in storing data names and will be easier to use than Namecoin, experts say. But perhaps the most important thing is that Handshake – unlike Namecoin – does not want to compete with traditional DNS, but it will be compatible.

The most popular 100,000 domains are already in its chain. If you enter one of these names and if the owner is not yet registered on Handshake, the software will simply redirect your request to active DNS servers. Customers? Who Would Use Handling? Many like the fact that names in Handling can not follow the established conventions.

For example, under ICANN’s rules, no one can register a domain like “http: //website.wmv” but Handling is possible. The benefits of a decentralized system can be more apparent in countries with heavy censorship, says Tyson Roquere, Executive Director of Namebase, which helps consumers to easily buy and register names in Handshake.

For example, China’s site owners have major problems with the Chinese government trying to track everything on the Internet and censor the information that hampers it. With Handling, these owners can create their pages anonymously and there is no one to stop them – even if the government finds a web server in some way, the owner can move to another, possibly located in another country.

Another reason to prefer Handshake’s decentralized system is that DNS can be hacked. Limitations and Challenges Working on a handling system will not be easy. Bloccain’s networks have one major disadvantage compared to centralized organizations such as ICANN: they can not offer all the benefits of technology until they reach a certain scale.

Battles are considered the safest blockade to a large extent because it has a large network of hackers – people who keep copies of the registry of battlefields on their computers and run calculations. In addition, challenges such as those who are entitled to register a name are still to be solved. And how will the disputes be resolved?

In a traditional DNS world, if someone feels that there is a blackmail or a theft of a domain, you can file an appeal to ICANN. But how is the problem solved? For example, who should get the name “Jaguar”? Jaguar car brand? Apple’s Named Operating System? Foundation dedicated to protecting jaguars?

Being able to use a block system to resolve these disputes without involving human authority seems “unbelievable,” experts say. Internet names may always depend on an organization for centralized decision-making.

Web addresses can be blocked soon

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